Up-to-date stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and is showing great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project which is showing me diabetes help excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now conducting clinical trials for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure consists of transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These patients need to be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give warning signs when the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and frequently just black out which can be hazardous when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not sufficient donors to go around with just about 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The answer to this problem is to make islets inside the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research happening using questionable embryonic stem cells and also stem cells obtained from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway to a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research as the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so on.

Opponents for this research believe that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But you’ll find studies which raise questions about the potential of these cells as therapies.A recent published study noted that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells extracted from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to become reproduced.

Even though research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists feel that this research holds the most promise for achievement for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is showing great promise in the battle to look for a cure for this chronic disease.